Adaptation incubator for orchid seedlings

The project consists in the design and construction of a planting environment where orchid seedlings previously cultivated in vitro can be nurtured until their development into a young plant. Some species such as Cattleya, Oncidium, Vanda, Galeandra, Encyclia and Laelia need environmental conditions which are very specific and hard to reproduce or maintain constant in Jalisco. Environmental conditions inside the proposed incubator are modifiable for the different mentioned species. The goal is that the incubator maintains adequate environmental conditions for development of the seedlings through the use of sensors and actuators which will be monitoring the following variables: humidity, temperature, lightning, irrigation and ventilation.

Work Team

Dr. Joel Carlos Huegel West, Dr. Enrique Javier Aguayo Lara, Ing. Iván Figueroa García, Alejandro Quintero Rizo

Pinning machine for wooden furniture

Design and construction of a functional prototype of a pinning machine for furniture. The machine consists of a numerical control tool, which performs a drilling operation, glue injection and pin fixation. This wooden pin assembly technique has demonstrated effectiveness, reducing production costs and helping create greater quality products. The proposed machine will automate and standardize the process, increasing production speed and reducing costs in the assembly process.

Work Team

Dr. Armando Román Flores, Dr. Enrique Javier Aguayo Lara, Ing. Salvador Romo Torres, Armando Daniel Amorós Lozano, Rodrigo López Torres

Assisting robot for people with special capacities and elder people

To take a remote control or any other daily use object and moving it somewhere presents no complication when the person performing the action is healthy and in control of their faculties, but when an elder person or someone with a disability the task turns very laborious and potentially dangerous. This project proposes the construction of an assistive robot to aid in this matter. The robot has a mechanical structure with mobile functionality, a series of sensors for acquisition of environmental information, a mechanical arm for holding basic necessary elements for assisting in the home or elsewhere.

Work Team

Dr. Armando Román Flores, Laura Elena Rubio Anguiano, Francisco Javier Briceño Pulido, Lucia Margarita Rábago Mayer, César Millán Olivarria, Alejandro Federico Eufracio Aguilera, Eduardo Barocio Vaca, Jalil Francisco Chávez Galaviz

Single-seater vehicle propelled with hydrogen cells

The Tecnológico de Monterrey, in collaboration with regional companies, has proposed developing the necessary technologies for generating clean and efficient energy for transportation. This is why this project pretends to build a vehicle with an electrical motor that is propelled through energy generated from hydrogen cells. This technology, which has been tested successfully as a clean and efficient energy system cannot be obtained with a low cost yet, which has limited its impact on a global level. This prototype would set the bases for research carried out in the region, with the intent of establishing an industry that offers transportation alternatives which are more efficient and more friendly with the environment.

Work Team

Dr. Armando Román Flores, Raúl Adrián González Acosta, Mauricio Daniel Magdaleno Casillas, Geovanny Peña Cruz, Kevin Axel Hinojosa Reyes, Iván Eduardo Rodríguez González

Wheelchair controlled through bioelectrical brain signals.

A prototype of a wheelchair that can be controlled through brain signals to increase quality of life of people in disability conditions.

Work Team

Dr. Armando Román Flores, Ing. Leonardo David Ojeda Ruiz, Wilfrido Rigoberto Silva Rodríguez, José David Oliveros Martínez, Pedro Antonio Trujillo Rojas, Juan Francisco Becerra Ibarra, Arturo Barragán Rivera

CNC cutting plasma machine

CNC machine-tool for plasma cutting consisting of a work table, with cartesian robot type controlling axes X and Y and a manual head for controlling axis Z.

Work Team

Dr. Armando Román Flores, Harold Martín Vázquez Márquez, Mauricio Martínez Arredondo, Napoleón Vargas Robledo, Juan Carlos Niebla Luna, Esteban Alejandro Torres Montiel

Progressive Haptic and Visual Guidance for Training in a Virtual Dynamic Task

Diagrama de usuario con audífonos realizando una tarea virtual en el montior LCD a través del joystick

This publication presents the design and implementation of a novel and progressive haptic guidance scheme, as well a similar visual pattern guide for the acquisition of dynamic motor skills. In this release the performance of both schemes are compared in the practice of a simple task. The task of striking a target in a virtual environment (visual and haptic) was implemented in a training protocol of eleven sessions during the period of two months. Two performance measures based on skill level were used as input for the progressive control guide. The outcome of the experiment suggest that haptic guidance, based on measures of skill components, is effective in early stages of training when the protocol participants are beginning to understand the components of a task, but should be phased out to avoid the negative dependencies.

Work Team

Dr. Joel Carlos Huegel West, Ozkan Celik, Ali Israr, Marcia K. O'Malley

Expertise-Based Performance Measures in a Virtual Training Environment

Diagrama de usuario realizando tarea virtual en monitor LCD

This publication presents and validates quantitative measures of performance for a rhythmic task of hitting a target. This performance measures are derived from detailed analysis of human performance during an experiment of a month, where participants learned to operate a haptic interface of two degrees of freedom in a virtual environment to run a manual control task. These measures are used as inputs of haptic guidance schemes that adjust its control earnings based on real-time feedback of a human task. These schemes of guides will be incorporated in virtual training environments for humans to develop manual field activities such as surgery, physical therapy and sports.

Work Team

Dr. Joel Carlos Huegel West, Marcia K. O'Malley

Previous Projects

Reconfigurable Machine Tool

Máquina reconfigurable

Machine tools are the basis of productive industry because it is the machinery responsible for creating other machines. They are now highly automated and are capable of producing highly complex parts. One of the most recent trends are reconfigurable machines, which with appropriate mechanical and software adjustments can perform different functions. In this project, a reconfigurable machine tool was designed and built, which will have the capacity to carry out vertical turning and milling. Mechatronic design was used to achieve this prototype on time and form. Different software packages for computer-aided design, finite element analysis and simulation will be used to produce the prototype of a reconfigurable CNC lathe-milling machine and a design guide.

Work Team

Alejandro Aguilar Valdez, José Salvador Martín Moreno, Josué Daniel Vázquez Rivas.

Lower limb mobilizer


The Research Research Laboratory is working on the design of an automatic lower limb mobilizer for rehabilitation. Currently the workgroup is designing the mechanical exosqueleton model and are controlling three motors simultaneously for testing. It is expected to demonstrate that the contact points, arcs of movement, speed and angles proposed work properly to verify that the prototype is effective in rehabilitating patients with lower limb related diseases. The results of the prototype will be the start of further research that may lead to build a medical robotic system. This will give clinics, institutions and hospitals in Mexico increased capacity and improved efficiency of exercise based physical rehabilitation and therapies controlled by time and number of repetitions. This will allow achieving a quantitative measurement of patient progress, supporting the qualitative perception of the therapist and giving the patient the facility to improve his therapy gradually.

Work Team

Dr. Joel Carlos Huegel West, Ing. Iván Figueroa García, Ing. Omar Alejandro Aguilar Leal, Dr. Alejandro Garcia Gonzalez.

Design of prototype module for Tortilla machine

Máquina tortilladora

Currently, the machines producing corn tortilla present problems of electrical and thermal efficiency which dramatically impact the cost of production, and therefore reduce the profits of the producer. The objective of this research is to increase the degree of automation of the tortilla machine to increase efficiency in the consumption of gas and electricity by 30% to 45%, making it more secure through a self-diagnostic system to detect failures and reducing maintenance costs by 30% by eliminating inefficient steps of transmitting power. To achieve the objectives, will be implemented modern technology of power distribution using a cycloidal moto-reducer, a fuel supply management through an electronic valve flow control and a speed of production control which reduces energy losses and product if it is not sold. Everything will be controlled and dynamically monitored by a low-cost PLC (Programmable Logic Controller). Process information obtained from measurements taken from this first prototype will be used to create a conversion kit; whose elements will be designed and built entirely by students of the lab that will subscribe to the project in the future. This kit could be installed on any low capacity tortilla machine. It is worth mentioning that the automatic tortilla machine is a Mexican invention whose evolution has been relatively limited, where sustainability is decreasing with the rising cost of energy.

Work Team

Dr. Joel Carlos Huegel West, Ing. Omar Alejandro Aguilar Leal, Ing. Maria Jose Gutierrez, Ing. Luis Olvera